There can be multiple situations when Windows users need to find detailed computer specs. For example, when you are about to buy or install a program or video game with high system requirements, when you need to know what drivers to install, or just want to know your hardware and compare it with other. Today we are going to cover the easiest ways and most comprehensive ways to find computer specs in Windows 10, 7, and 8.
Standard computer specifications in Windows
By «standard» computer specs we mean parameters of hardware such as CPU frequency, the number of processor cores, the amount of RAM, the version of the system (32-bit or 64-bit), the type of the drives installed and their volume, the video card, and its characteristics, and more. Now let’s talk about the most important things in details.
CPU specifications – main parameters you need to pay attention when analyzing a CPU are going to be clock frequency (2 200 Mhz, 5Ghz, and so on) and the number of cores (2, 4, 8, and so on). These parameters always flash in news, presentations, and reviews as marketers and manufacturers make an emphasis on cores and hertzes in the first place. But you should know that every microprocessor has a lot of other settings that are also important and must be taken into consideration when you are buying a CPU. However, typical customers don’t really want to know what microarchitecture was used in a particular CPU, what improvements it has in comparison with the previous one, what is an unlocked multiplier, etc. Thanks to marketers, the majority of consumers only cares about power, which is defined by the clock frequency and the number of cores. We don’t like this approach, but we understand the modern market reality, that is why we would like to educate our readers and encourage them to learn more.
The amount of RAM (random-access memory) – works by a simple principle: more the better (2GBs, 4GBs, 8Gbs, 16Gbs, 32Gbs, and so on). Average users don’t have to worry about additional parameters such as frequency, type, or manufacturer. The only thing that matters – the amount must be enough to run all programs and applications without lagging and freezing.
Storage device – besides available space (500Gbs, 1Tb, and so on) it is also important to distinguish types of storage devices: HDD, SSD, and hybrid drives. Hard Disk Drive (HDD) is an old design that still offers large volumes for less money, but its write/read speeds are terribly slow, while Solid State Drives (SSD) offers incredible writing and reading speeds, but have lesser volumes (in general) and cost more. Hybrid drives are somewhere in-between those two. We are not going to talk about the reliability of storage device as it depends on many factors and intensity of usage. If you cannot afford a large SSD for all your files, you can always have a small one just for the system and core applications that you need to load fast. All multimedia files, documents, and games can be stored on HDDs.
Video card – just like any CPU it has many important specifications: GPU clock (frequency), type of video memory and its amount, memory bandwidth, and other. Marketers have taught consumers to pay attention mostly to the amount of video memory and frequency. However, we recommend always digging deeper before buying a new video card: reading reviews, analyzing tests, learning about new architecture, checking memory bandwidth, and more. Comprehensive tests and review can give you a better understanding of how a new video card will perform with hardware similar to yours.
System utilities to find computer specs in Windows
There is an easy way to know what your computer configuration is. It can be done in Windows 10, 8 and Windows 7 as well and you don’t need any additional tools for this method. The only downside with this method – the information you get can be somewhat limited as Windows shows specifications it thinks important. So let’s find out PC specs with system tool available in Windows.
Checking System menu
The easiest way to get some basic information about any computer including the amount of RAM, the model and clock rate of the CPU, system version and its type, and the name of the PC as well. You can get to the System menu by doing one of the following:
- Right-click on the icon «This PC» on your desktop and select Properties.
- Press start and go to the Control Panel, then open the System menu.
- Press Win+R and type control system in the window that will appear.
- Press the combination of buttons Win+Pause on your keyboard.
Check system information using Command Prompt
You can also find your computers specs using Command Prompt. In order to do so just follow these simple steps:
- Open Command Prompt by clicking Win+R and type cmd in the window that will appear. Press Ok.
- In the next window type systeminfo and hit Enter.
- In addition to the information, you got using the previous option you will also get to know Windows installation date, virtual memory details, network cards, and BIOS versions. It is better, of course, but still, we could use more information about our system and hardware.
Gather system information using DxDiag
DxDiag is a diagnostic tool for testing the DirectX functionality and solving various video/audio problems in Windows. This utility shows information about your system and active audio/video devices as well. This is how you can scan your system with DxDiag:
- Press Winr+R and type dxdiag in the window that will appear. Hit Enter.
- Executing this command will bring up the DirectX Diagnostic Tool that will immediately start scanning your computer (don’t worry as it takes a few seconds and never slows down your PC).
- After a scan, you will be able to analyze information in different tabs: System (information about your system, CPU, and virtual memory), Display (information about your video card and its drivers), Sound 1 and Sound 2 (sound card and output device), Input (your keyboard, mouse, and other controllers).
- You can save all DxDiag information in a text file if you want to.
Find out system information with msinfo32
This standard utility can give you more information about Windows than any other tool we have mentioned so far. In order to start using it, you need to press Win+R and type the command msinfo32 in the window to appear.
With Msinfo32 you can check your hardware resources, computer components, and software environment. Core information about your computer can be found in the System Summary menu. Detailed information about your system including system drivers, services, loaded modules, and more can be found in the Software Environment menu.
Alas, none of the methods described above does allow you to check full technical specifications of your computer running on Windows. However, it can be done with a wide array of third-party programs designed for this task.
Additional tools to find system information
There are tons of utilities and programs developed for Windows that can gather full information not only about your system but also about every component installed. Most of these tools can solve all issues related with deducing specs of your Windows 10, 8, and Windows 7 computer. Some apps are small and compact, while others have extended functionality that allows advanced testing and running diagnostics (for instance, Aida64). We are not going to cover them all in today’s guide but instead will give you one example of a good program that will solve your problem with finding out computer specs.
This program is called Speccy. It was developed by the creators of Ccleaner (a tool for Windows cleaning and optimization). What makes Speccy stand out from the crowd is the fact that it is available for free. It shows detailed information about your device and measures the temperature of components in real-time. It also has a Premium version with support and regular updates, but we think that the free version will be enough for your needs.
We hope we managed to answer all your questions regarding computer specifications and explained how it could be done effortlessly.